We provide following services to the milk supplying farmers through Inputs/PIT Divisions of Sangh
- Artificial Insemination facilities at concessional rates.
- Supply of cattle feed at fair prices to maintain good health of the livestock.
- Supply mineral mixture with 25% subsidy.
- Arrange common programme for tick, gadfly and worm eradication.
- Supply of machines for hay, straw, fodder, seeds and milking machines to milk supplying farmers with 25% subsidy.
- Supply of Theileria vaccine on demand.
- Arrange camps for medical checkup of barren cattle, on demand.
- Provide guidance of experts in the field of veterinary science and arrange seminars.
- Supply of medicines for the cattle at fair prices.
- Guidance on Azolla, Murghas.
- Give fodder cutting machines on rental basis.
Under National Dairy Scheme 1:
- Ration balanced programme
- Fodder development programme
- Village based milk procurement programme at village level
- Clean milk production programme
- Environmental and social activities
Balanced animal feeding programme:
Under this programme and using the software developed by NDDB, the farmers get knowhow of making balanced cattle feed, at the minimum cost, from the available feed in their cowshed/byre and to suit the animal weight, fat, milk quality & quantity, capability etc.
Today 70 % of the total expenditure is spent on the animal feed. Apart from the reduction in these expenses, there are improvements seen in the milk quantity and quality in terms of fat, SNF. Moreover the animal health and fertility improve. This programme is regularly in operation in the area under Pune District Co-operative Milk Producers’ Association. Under the programme, 10 days’ training is imparted to persons from each village in the area, along with the training material. These individuals have been assigned to the Dudh Utpadak Sangh in their respective village. Those desirous of having the programme in their village or in their Society, are requested to contact our Input Division.
Fodder Development Programme:
The programme includes demonstrations of various machines, construction of Biomass Bunker, Murghas preparation and information about fodder & seeds. The machinery is made available to the farmers on nominal rent.
Village based milk procurement programme at village level:
Objective of the programme is to strengthen the old DCS as well as to form new DCS. Necessary equipment and material is made available under the aegis of NDDB. Construction of Bulk Cooler and and supply of stainless steel cans is made as per the related guide lines and rules & regulations. Training is also given to the board of directors of newly formed DCS.
Clean Milk production programme:
Training is imparted to Milk Producing farmers in their village. Maintaining cleanliness of the cowshed, that of the person milking the animal, of the utensils, of the collection centre, inspection and awareness regarding udder related diseases are some of the topics covered in the programme.
Environmental and Social Activities:
IIn this porogramme, milk producing farmers from SC & ST categories are given training on milk business, by organising mela’s. Awareness also is created in them regarding damage to environment caused by excessive use of pesticides, insecticides, use of organic manures rather than chemical fertilizers, integrated pest control, harvest protection , water management, social afforestation etc.
Our farmer brethren are requested to make use of this programme.
National Dairy Plan-1
Village Based Milk Procurement System
Various factors such as rising incomes, urbanization, changing food habits, increase in population and export opportunities fuel the demand for milk. Based on the Planning Commission’s estimates and subsequent corrections on account of consistently higher growth in GDP, it is expected that the demand for milk is likely to be about 155 million tonnes by 2016-17 (end year of 12th Five Year Plan) and over 200 million tonnes by 2021-22. To meet the growing demand for milk, it is necessary to maintain the annual growth of over 4 percent in the next 15 years. It is therefore imperative that a scientifically planned multi state initiative is launched to increase productivity in existing herds through a focussed programme of breeding and feeding.
Efforts to increase milk production through key scientific and technical considerations involving genetic enhancements (Breeding) and scientific nutrition programmes for milch animals would need to be supported by providing milk producers greater opportunities for sale of surplus milk to the organized sector. This would require:
- Strengthening of procurement systems of the existing dairy cooperatives and
- Promoting producer companies where cooperatives have low presence and procurement.
The objectives of milk pooling are to:
- Set-up a sustaining procurement system ensuring fairness and transparency.
- Ensure quality milk collected by bringing in maximum milk producers under organized sector.
- Create more village level institutional structures following cooperative principles and safeguarding the interests of small farmers.
- Provide the rural milk producers access to organized market and thereby enhance their income.
Milk pooling activities proposed under NDP I consist of milk collection, testing for quality of the milk supplied quintessential with standardized Automated Milk Collection Units (AMCU) and Data Processor based Milk Collection Units (DPMCU) and improving milk quality substantially by installing bulk milk coolers in villages/ cluster of villages.
Fodder Development Programme
A. Green Fodder Production Enhancement
Green fodder is an economic source of nutrients for the livestock. However its availability in the country is limited. With the limited land under fodder cultivation, there is a need to focus to improve productivity of fodder crops & common grazing lands and demonstrate to conserve surplus green fodder to enhance availability during the lean period.
1. Improved Fodder Seed Production Programme
Seed is the most critical input to enhance the productivity of fodder crops. To ensure supply of quality seeds to the farmers, production of seeds will be enhanced by establishing seven new seed processing units. The seed units involves production, processing & marketing of quality fodder seeds and comprises seed cleaning and grading machines, civil buildings and human resource. It aims at producing additional 8000 MT certified/truthfully labelled fodder seeds, annually by the end of 6th year of the project through registered seed growers, following standard seed production protocol.
2. Silage Making Demonstration
To ensure year round availability of quality fodder silage making, a practice to conserve surplus quantity of green fodder, is to be popularised. Through silage making large quantity of green fodder can be preserved for longer period without significant loss of quality and palatability. Silage contains around 65-70 percent moisture and preserved due to fermentation of sugars available in the green fodder through anaerobic fermentation. Silage can be fed to livestock in place of green fodder.
3. Demonstration of Re-vegetation of Common Grazing Land
The grazing lands play an important role in the lives of rural people who are getting fodder, fuel, drinking water from commons. However, such lands are being continuously degraded due to overgrazing and overexploitation by locals. Re-vegetation of such lands on scientific lines suiting to agro-climatic conditions is to be demonstrated through strengthening institutional arrangement at village level. Fodder production from such lands can be enhanced substantially by introducing high yielding cultivated fodder crops, grasses and pasture legumes. An integrated approach of growing cultivated crops, grasses, trees and shrubs under silvi-pastural/ horti – silvipasture system will improve overall productivity of such land.
B. Crop Residue Management
1. Demonstration of Mowers
Due to rising cost of agricultural workers use of grain harvesters is increasing leading to wastage of straw in the field of farmers, especially when tractor or engine driven straw mowers and pick up devices are not available. Various types of mowers are to be demonstrated under NDP I.
a. Simple mowers: These mowers harvest the fodder crops at ground level and leave the biomass in the field for sun drying or direct grazing or manual collection or by mechanical means.
b. Mowers with auto pick up: Such mowers are designed to perform many operations in single pass of tractor. Activities like fodder harvesting, chopping, loading of trailer, baling etcare carried out automatically by tractor power in single action without any labour. Depending on usage and attachments, the auto pick up mowers are further classified into following categories:
b.1 Mower with auto threshing and loading (wheat straw or Rabi harvest special)
b.2 Mower with auto chopping and loading (multi crop universal design)
b.3 Mower with auto binder or auto liner for cereal crops, green fodder & stubble attachments. Such mowers are termed as combine prevention mowers
b.4Swather or crop liner attachments for collection, aeration & sun drying
b.5 Automatic pick up baler with or without cutter head depending on tractor capacity
Universal design multi crop mowers have better pay back due to usefulness in silage, hay & green fodder as well. Field mowers in the capacity range 5 to 75 HP, for 5 to 25 acres per day are available.
2. Demonstration of Biomass Stores
Infrastructure for straw management and storage has been grossly neglected in India. Universal design stores and bunkers for straw, pellets, bales, blocks and silage having better pay back would be demonstrated under NDP I.
3. Crop Residue Enrichment & Densification
Crop residues form bulk of basal diet of ruminants in India. Crop residues are not uniformly available across the country, some areas are surplus while some are deficit on regular basis. For such locations crop residues can be fortified with feed ingredients like cakes, brans, grains, molasses, hay, minerals and then densified into blocks or pellets to save on storage and transport costs. Also balanced ration in the form of complete diet or total mixed ration as per need of animals can be supplied for improved productivity.
Ration Balancing Programme
It will not be possible to achieve higher productivity in a milch animal by merely increasing its genetic potential. There is evidence to show that when a milch animal is fed a balanced diet, it receives the required nutrients to produce milk commensurate with its genetic potential. Research and field trials indicates that this approach to feeding has the potential to increase milk yield, reduce cost of milk production, and contribute to reducing methane emissions. Milch animals are usually fed one or two locally available concentrate feed ingredients, grasses and crop residues. This often leads to an imbalanced ration – resulting in proteins, energy, minerals and vitamins being either in excess or deficient. Imbalanced feeding adversely impacts not only the health and productivity of animals but also affects income from milk production since an estimated 70 percent of the total cost of milk production is contributed by feed.
Therefore there is a need to educate milk producers on feeding balanced ration to their animals so that the nutrients required by their individual milch animals is fulfilled in an optimum manner, thereby improving milk production efficiency and the economic return.
NDP I plan to cover about 2.7 million milch animals in 40,000 villages using about 40,000 local resource persons (LRPs) who would be identified, trained and supervised by existing dairy cooperatives and producer companies. The project will finance the training costs, necessary equipments, and a modest monthly stipend for the LRPs on a tapering basis for about two years. Thereafter, the LRPs would be expected to earn a self-sustaining income from the commission through sale of area specific mineral mixture (ASMM) and other neutraceutical products.
The project aims to demonstrate a new approach to extension by underlining the importance of unique identification of animals, their performance measurement and advisory support at farmers doorstep. It is envisaged under the project that each animal covered under RBP would be uniquely identified with an ear tag so as to enable monitoring of its productivity as well as efficiency of RBP through data to be fed into a performance recording system. Proper and effective training is the key for successful countrywide implementation of ration balancing programme (RBP) envisaged under NDP I. The technical officers, animal nutritionists and trainers of end implementing agencies (EIAs) would be trained at NDDB who in turn would impart training to local resource persons (LRPs) at EIA level.
Trained LRPs will provide advisory services to dairy farmers feeding balanced ration to their animals. LRPs would also educate milk producers on the latest technologies such as feeding milch animals with bypass protein, bypass fat, ASMM, treated or enriched crop residues etc. Besides, milk producers would also be educated on importance of drinking water, proper mangers for feeding the animals, significance of colostrum feeding to newly born calves, chaffing of fodder, de-worming, vaccination, timely insemination etc.
Benefits of Ration Balancing Programme
- Proper use of locally available feed resources to balance the ration of animals at least cost
- Increases milk production with more fat and solids-not-fat
- Helps increasing the net daily income
- Improves reproduction efficiency
- Helps reducing inter-calving period, thereby increasing the productive life of animals
- Improves the general health of animals
- Improves the growth rate in growing calves, leading to early maturity.